Why do the Shia perform seven Takbirs at the start of the prayer?

»QuestionsCategory: JurisprudenceWhy do the Shia perform seven Takbirs at the start of the prayer?
nzhussain Staff asked 6 months ago

Why do the Shia perform seven Takbirs at the start of the prayer? Some of the Shia perform 7 Takbeers at the beginning, and the Ansar perform it always, are there Hadith for this tradition?

1 Answers
nzhussain Staff answered 6 months ago

The Hadith from the Shia books are many for performing seven Takbirat, six being Mustahab/recommended and one being the obligatory Takbirat al-Ihram.
The Hadith are in Wasa’il al-Shia Chapter 7, English translations found here: http://www.tashayyu.org/hadiths/wasail/salat/takbirat-al-ihram/chapter-7 , below is one of the Hadith:

…Allah’s Messenger (pbuhap) was in salat[prayer] and to his side was al-Husayn b. `Ali. So Allah’s Messenger (pbuhap) did takbir and al-Husayn (pbuh) did not respond with takbir. Then Allah’s Messenger (pbuhap) did takbir and al-Husayn did not respond with takbir.  
So Allah’s Messenger (pbuhap) did not cease from doing takbir and al-Husayn (pbuh) did not take up the takbir so he did not respond until he completed seven takbirat.  So al-Husayn (pbuh) responded (with) the takbir in the seventh.
Then Abu `Abdillah (pbuh) said: So it turned into the Sunna.

Also from al-islam.org, it is referenced inside Takbirah al-Ihram:

3. Before the Takbirah al-Ihram in each of the five daily prayers, there are six mustahabb takbir and the seventh takbir constitutes that obligatory Takbirah al-Ihram…

(link: https://www.al-islam.org/commentary-prayer-professor-muhsin-qaraati/takbirah-al-ihram)
As for the Ansar, it has been made clear that in this day and age, the Jurisprudence from Imam al-Mahdi (pbuh) states that all 7 Takbirat are now obligatory for the obligatory prayers (see Chara’i’ al-Islam and others).